Peloponnese was the centre of one of the most developed ancient cultures, that of the Mycenaic Civilization, and is located on the southern part of continental Greece. With a history that transcends many different eras, one can find various sights, namely Byzantine churches and Monasteries, the Great Mansions, the walls and graves of the ancient city of Mycenae, not to mention the wild Arcadian forests and the golden Peloponnesian coastline.
The Peloponnese is a large peninsula in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. The peninsula is divided among three distinct peripheries of modern Greece; most of the Peloponnese and parts of West Greece and Attica peripheries. It covers an area of some 21,549 square kilometers and constitutes the southernmost part of mainland Greece. Technically it may be considered an island since the construction of the Corinth Canal (isthmus) in 1893. It has two land connections with the rest of Greece, a natural one at the Isthmus of Corinth and an artificial one in the shape of the Rio-Antirio bridge - completed in 2004 - therefore it is easily accessible from Athens and western Greece.
The Peloponnese is one of the most historical regions of Greece consisting of seven prefectures; Corinthia, Argolis, Arcadia, Lakonia, Messinia, Ilia and Achaia. As the name suggests - Island of Pelops - the Peloponnese is technically an island since the construction of the Corinth Canal (Isthmus) in 1893 that separates it from mainland Greece. The archaeological sites of great interest at Argolis and Corinth, the coastal and mountainous beauty of Arcadia, the cosmopolitan and picturesque profile of Achaia, the elegant and graciously carved Laconia and the natural beauty of the serene Messinia compose an irresistible amalgamation that seduces even the most demanding visitor. The climate in the area is purely Mediterranean along the coasts, unlike the centre that has a relatively continental climate.