Professional Guide For Conferences in Greece

Attica - Athens Geography and Climate


Athens is situated in the center of Attica and it is surrounded by mountains and lays in the Saronic Gulf. The city of Athens covers an area of 39 and located almost in the center of the Greek geographical territory. Athens sprawls across the central plain of Attica that is referred as the Attica Basin.
It is a seaside city surrounded by hills and mountains on all sides; Mt. Parnis to the north, Mt. Pendeli to the north-east, Mt. Ymittos to the east and Mt. Egaleo to the west. The highest mountain of the region is Mount Parnassos (1.413 m) and the highest point of Athens’ center at 270 m is the pine-covered Lykavittos hill.

Located in a transitional point between the Mediterranean and the Alpine climatic zones, enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate with the greatest amounts of rain occurring from mid October to mid April. The rest of the year remains largely rainless, making Athens one of the sunniest cities on the European continent.
Winters are generally mild, with comfortable daytime temperatures and cool nights, although light frosts may occur on infrequent occasions.
It must be noted that the Northern suburbs, which stand at a higher elevation, have a somewhat different micro-climate with cooler summers and colder winters and heavier average snowfall.
Winter rainfall tends to occur in the form of short and sometimes heavy showers. Snow is relatively rare although the city has experienced its share of blizzard-like conditions. The most recent examples include the blizzard of January 2002 as well as that of February 2004 and 2008 that dumped heavy amounts of snow and froze the entire metropolitan area for days.
Spring and autumn are considered ideal seasons for sightseeing and indeed for all kinds of outdoor activities.
Summers can be particularly hot and at times prone to smog and pollution related conditions, however, admittedly less so compared to the past. The average summer daytime maximum temperature is 32°C (90°F). Heat waves are not uncommon during the months of July and August during which daytime temperatures can soar at or above 40°C (104°F).